Climate Crisis Looms Large at US-Africa Leaders Summit

December 20, 2022by Extractives Baraza

President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Félix Tshisekedi speaks during the Climate Session during the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in, D.C. Dec. 13. (Scott Taetsch/U.S. Department of State)

President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Félix Tshisekedi speaks during the Climate Session during the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in, D.C. Dec. 13. (Scott Taetsch/U.S. Department of State)

By: Kayla Benjamin

President Felix Tshisekedi, of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), delivered opening remarks at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit forum about climate change on Tuesday.

The previous night, deadly floods had swept through the DRC’s capital city of Kinshasa, killing more than 160 people and displacing entire neighborhoods.

“Since we are gathered here to speak about fighting against climate change, I would like to speak first with regret to let you know [about] the crisis that my country has lived through in the past few hours,” Tshisekedi said at the forum. “That could have been avoided if the commitments of polluting countries would have been kept.”

The tragedy in Kinshasa highlighted the fact that conversations about the climate crisis at the summit were anything but hypothetical. Flooding has affected 8.2 million people in central and west Africa this year, according to an estimate from a U.N. humanitarian affairs office. More broadly, 17 out of the 20 countries most vulnerable to climate change are on the continent.

But vulnerability was not the only reason that conversations about climate loomed large throughout the three-day D.C. summit, which wrapped up Dec. 15. Sub-Saharan Africa’s booming population and unmet energy needs make the region’s choices critical to the world’s fight against climate change. The question of how the continent expands its energy access—using its fossil fuel stores or using renewable energy—will determine, in large part, the success or failure of the global climate fight.

The continent also holds around a third of the minerals required for many clean energy technologies. Massive forests and wetlands, especially in the DRC and Gabon, draw in huge amounts of carbon, keeping the planet-warming gas out of the atmosphere.

To protect those carbon sinks and transition to widely-available clean energy, African countries need investments from nations that have profited from more than a century of fossil fuel use and decades of colonial resource extraction. U.S. leaders, including Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and House Foreign Affairs Committee Chair Gregory Meeks, acknowledged the injustice at the summit.

“It’s both unfair and unrealistic to ask [African nations] to turn their backs on economic development and opportunity in the name of a clean energy transition, to ask them in effect to forgo what many of us have done in the past in developing our countries and our economies,” Blinken said at the forum on climate change and conservation.

Source: The Washington Informer

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