Mining

This section contains a history of mining in Kenya and key actors involved in the mining sector

History of Mining in Kenya

1911 Soda Ash

  • Tata Chemicals Magadi Established in 1911 as Magadi Soda Company, the company has been producing natural soda ash at Lake Magadi

Mining Act of 1940

  • Under this Act a Commissioner of Mines and Geology is in charge of the Mines and Geological Department, his or her decisions may be made subject to the Minster's approval.
  • (S9 and S10 of the Mining Act 1940 Cap 309)

1965 Magnesite

  • Mineral Mining Corporation is a leading manufacturer of industrial minerals

1971 Flouspar

  • Kenya Flouspar Company Limited: The Kimwarer ore deposit has now been mined for over 35 year.

Constitution of Kenya 2010

  • The Constitution of Kenya 2010 establishes certain rights and privileges with regards to land and environment
  • Article 62 (1) (f) includes all minerals and mineral oils as defined by law within the definition of Public Land.

2013 Ministry of Mining

  • Ministry of Mining was established in 2013. Prior to this, the Mining industry was overseen by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources through its mines and geology department.
  • The Ministry of Mining was formed through Executive Order No. 2 of 2013 and its mandate includes:
    • Mineral exploration and mining policy and management;
    • Mining and minerals development;
    • Development of policies on the management of quarrying and mining of rocks and industrial minerals e.g. limestone, building stone, clay, gemstones, cement, sand, coal, etc.
    • Management of health conditions and health and safety in mines;
    • Development of Policy around Extractive Industry;

2013 Base Titanium

  • Construction at the Kwale Project was completed at the end of 2013 and the first bulk shipment of ilmenite departed from Mombasa in February 2014.

2016 Mining Act

  • The Mining Act gives effect to various Articles of the Constitution (Articles 60, 62 (1)(f), 66 (2), 69 and 71) in so far as they apply to minerals; provide for prospecting, mining, processing, refining, treatment, transport and any dealings in minerals and for related purposes


 

Map showing Allocated Mineral Titles in Kenya

Image depicting allocated mineral titles in Kenya.

Sources

  1. Mining Cadastre
  2. Mineral Occurrence in Kenya
  3. Ministry of Mining from the 2015 Kenya Mining Investment Handbook

Mining Projects in Kenya

Operator Nationality Locality Mineral About

Acacia Mining

Foreign

Siaya, Kakamega

Gold

Acacia acquired Aviva Mining Kenya Limited AMKL's 51% interest (with the potential to move to 75%) in a joint venture ("Lonmin JV") with Lonmin plc, and AMKL's right to earn an initial 75% interest in a second joint venture ("Advance JV") with Advance Gold Corporation. The principal assets of the Lonmin JV are two Special Licenses in West Kenya (SL123 Ndori and SL213 Siaya).The principal assets of the Advance JV are three Special Licenses in West Kenya (SL265 Bukura, SL266 Sigalagala and SL267 Rosterman, together, the "Advance JV Licenses").

The licences under the two joint ventures occupy approximately 1,650 square kilometres of the highly-prospective Busia Kakamega - Greenstone Belt in Kenya, which forms part of the Archean Tanzanian Craton. The licence areas have been divided into two large gold camps, known locally as the Kakamega Dome Camp and the Lake Zone Camp.

African Diatomite Industries Ltd

Local

Tana River

Gypsum

Established in 1942 as African Diatomite Industries Limited (ADIL). The company is one of the leading processor and supplier of fresh water Diatomaceous Earth products in Sub Saharan Africa.

Base Titanium Limited

Foreign

Kwale

Titanium Minerals

Construction at the Kwale Project was completed at the end of 2013 and the first bulk shipment of ilmenite departed from Mombasa in February 2014. The mine is currently producing 455,000 tonnes of ilmenite; 85,000 tonnes, or 14% of the world's rutile output; and 32,000 tonnes of zircon each year.

BOC Kenya Limited

Local

Koibatek

Carbon Dioxide

BOC Kenya Limited is a member of the Linde Group. In Kenya BOC has specialised in industrial gases. 

Carbacid CO2 Ltd

Local

Kireita (Kiambu) & Sosiani (Eldoret)

Carbon Dioxide

Carbacid (CO2) Limited is East Africa's leading producer of natural, food grade, compressed carbon dioxide. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of public limited company Carbacid Investments Limited, which is listed on Nairobi Stock Exchange.
Carbacid is the descendant of BEA Sawmills Limited.

Karebe Gold Mining Ltd

Foreign (Maris Africa)

Nandi

Gold

Karebe Gold Mining Ltd was founded in 2009. This company is working within the Gold Ore Mining industry. Its operations include Equatorial Mine and Rock Corry Mine. The company is based in Kisumu, Kenya.

Kenya Fluorspar Company Limited

Local

Keiyo, Kimwarer

Fluorspar

The Kimwarer ore deposit has now been mined for over 35 years (1971). Mining is by open cast methods. Overburden is removed at a ratio of 3:1 to 8:1 (waste to ore) depending on the ore body. A total of approximately 360,000 tonnes of ore is mined annually. Operations Suspended April 30th, 2016 due to prolonged slump in global commodity prices: Press release 

Kilimapesa Gold Pty Limited

Foreign (Gold Plat plc)

Transmara Narok

Gold

The Company commenced mining at Kilimapesa and poured its first gold in January 2012 - this was Kenya's first gold mine to be commissioned since independence in 1963. Kilimapesa has a JORC-compliant resource of 8,715,291 tonnes at 2.40 g/t Au for 671,446oz of gold at a cut-off grade of 1 g/t of gold for all categories. Kilimapesa is currently on a limited mining and development programme, which is maintained on a skeleton staff to significantly reduce overheads due to low Global Commodity prices.

Mineral Mining (1965) Corporation Ltd

Local

Kitui

Magnesite

Mineral Mining Corporation is a leading manufacturer of industrial minerals established in 1965.

Skylight Limited

Local

Homa Bay

Iron Ore

Tata Chemicals Magadi Limited

Foreign

Kajiado

Soda Ash

Tata Chemicals Magadi is Africa's largest soda ash manufacturer and one of Kenya's leading exporters. Established in 1911 as Magadi Soda Company, the company has been producing natural soda ash at Lake Magadi.

Yamata Gypsum Limited

Local

Tana River

Gypsum

Our database is continuously updated

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